Alain Destexhe

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Articles (144)

2016

Yann Zerlaut, Bartosz Telenczuk, Charlotte Deleuze, Thierry Bal, Gilles Ouanounou and Alain Destexhe, Heterogeneous firing rate response of mouse layer V pyramidal neurons in the fluctuation-driven regime, The Journal of Physiology 594: 3791-3808, (2016) [abstract]

Francesca Barbieri, Vincent Trauchessec, Laure Caruso, Josué Trejo-Rosillo, Bartosz Telenczuk, Elodie Paul, Thierry Bal, Alain Destexhe, Claude Fermon, Myriam Pannetier-Lecoeur and Gilles Ouanounou, Local recording of biological magnetic fields using Giant Magneto Resistance-based microprobes, Scientific Reports 6: Article number: 39330, (2016) [pdf]

Jean-Marie Gomes, Claude Bedard, Silvana Valtcheva, Matthew Nelson, Vitalia Khokhlova, Pierre Pouget, Laurent Venance, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Intracellular Impedance Measurements Reveal Non-ohmic Properties of the Extracellular Medium around Neurons, Biophysical Journal 110: 234-246, (2016) [pdf]

2015

R Reig, Yann Zerlaut, R. Vergara, Alain Destexhe and Maria V Sanchez-Vives, Gain modulation of synaptic inputs by network state in auditory cortex in vivo, Journal of Neuroscience 35: 2689-2702, (2015)

Marco Brigham and Alain Destexhe, Non-stationary filtered shot noise processes and applications to neuronal membranes, Physical Review : E91: 062102, (2015)

2014

MA Petrovici, Bernhard Vogginger, P Mueller, O Breitwieser, M Lundqvist, L Muller, M Ehrlich, Alain Destexhe, Anders Lansner, R Schüffny , Johannes Schemmel and Karlheinz Meier, Characterization and compensation of network-level anomalies in mixed-signal neuromorphic modeling platforms, PLoS One 9: e108590: , (2014)

J.F Gomez-Gonzalez, Alain Destexhe and Thierry Bal, Application of Active Electrode Compensation to Perform Continuous Voltage-Clamp Recordings with Sharp Microelectrodes, Journal of Neural Engineering 11: 056028, (2014) [pdf] [abstract]

Luc Estebanez, Sami El Boustani, Alain Destexhe and Daniel Shulz, What the whiskers tell the tactile brain, Med Sci (Paris) 30(1): 93-8, (2014)

Lyle Muller, Alexandre Reynaud, Frédéric Chavane and Alain Destexhe, The stimulus-evoked population response in visual cortex of awake monkey is a propagating wave, Nature Communications 5: 3675, (2014) [pdf] [abstract] [PubMed]

Claude Bedard and Alain Destexhe, Generalized cable formalism to calculate the magnetic field of single neurons and neuronal populations, Physical Review : E 90: 042723, (2014)

Claude Bedard and Alain Destexhe, Mean-field formulation of Maxwell equations to model electrically inhomogeneous and isotropic media, Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications 6: 296-302, (2014)

Lyle Muller, Alain Destexhe and Michelle Rudolph, Brain networks: small-worlds, after all?, New Journal of Physics 16: 105004: , (2014)

2012

Adrien Peyrache, Nima Dehghani, Emad Eskandar, Joseph Madsen, William Anderson, Jacob Donoghue, Leigh R Hochberg, Eric Halgren, Syd Cash and Alain Destexhe, Spatiotemporal dynamics of neocortical excitation and inhibition during human sleep, PNAS 109 (5): 1731-1736, (2012) [pdf]

Lyle Muller and Alain Destexhe, Propagating waves in thalamus, cortex and the thalamocortical system: experiments and models, J. Physiol. Paris 106: 22-238, (2012) [pdf]

Sami El Boustani, Pierre Yger, Alain Destexhe and Yves Frégnac, Stable learning in stochastic network states, The Journal of Neuroscience 32: 194-214, (2012) [pdf]

Claude Bedard, Sébastien Béhuret, Charlotte Deleuze, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Oversampling method to extract excitatory and inhibitory conductances from single-trial membrane potential recordings. , Journal of Neuroscience Methods : , (2012) [pdf]

Filippo Grassia, Laure Buhry, Timothée Lévi, Jean Tomas, Alain Destexhe and Sylvain Saighi, Tunable neuromimetic integrated system for emulating cortical neuron models, Frontiers in Neuromorphic Engineering 134: 5, (2012) [pdf]

Luc Estebanez, Sami El Boustani, Alain Destexhe and Daniel Shulz, Correlated input reveals coexisting coding schemes in a sensory cortex, Nature Neuroscience 15 No12: 1691-1699, (2012) [pdf]

Nima Dehghani, Nicholas Hatsopoulos, Zach Haga, Rebecca Parker, Bradley Greger, Eric Halgren, Syd Cash and Alain Destexhe, Avalanche analysis from multi-electrode ensemble recordings in cat, monkey and human cerebral cortex during wakefulness and sleep, Front. Physio. 3: , (2012) [pdf]

Michelle Rudolph, Mathieu Dubois and Alain Destexhe, Analytical integrate-and-fire neuron models with conductance-based dynamics and realistic postsynaptic potential time course for event-driven simulation strategies, Neural Computation 24: 1426-1461, (2012)

2011

Claude Bedard and Alain Destexhe, A generalized theory for current-source density analysis in brain tissue, Physical Review E 84 (4 pt 1): 041909, (2011)

Daniel Brüderle, MA Petrovici, Bernhard Vogginger, Matthias Ehrlich, Thomas Pfeil, Sebastian Milner, A Grubl, K Wendt, Eric Muller, M-O Schwartz, D Husmann de Oliveira , S Jeltsch, J Fieres, M Schilling , P Muller, O Breitwieser, V Petkov, L Muller, Andrew Davison, P Krishnamurthy , Jens Kremkow, M Lundqvist, Eilif Muller, J Partzsch, S Scholze, H Zühl, C MAYR, Alain Destexhe, Markus Diesmann, TC Potjans , Anders Lansner, R Schüffny , Johannes Schemmel and Karlheinz Meier, A comprehensive workflow for general-purpose neural modeling with highly configurable neuromorphic hardware systems. , Biological Cybernetics 104: 263-296, (2011) [pdf]

Maxim Bazhenov, Peter Longens, Steven Skorheim, Claude Bedard and Alain Destexhe, Non-homegeneous extracellular resistivity affects the current-source density profiles of Up/Down state oscillations, Philos Transact A Math Phys Eng Sci. 369(1952): 3902-3819, (2011) [pdf]

Pierre Yger, Sami El Boustani, Alain Destexhe and Yves Frégnac, Topologically invariant macroscopic statistics in balanced networks of conductance-based integrate-and-fire neurons., Journal of Computational Neuroscience 31: 229-245, (2011) [pdf] [abstract]

Martin Pospischil, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Comparison of different neuron models to conductancebased post-stimulus time histograms obtained in cortical pyramidal cells using dynamic-clamp in vitro, Biological Cybernetics 105(2): 167-180, (2011) [pdf]

Adrien Peyrache, F. Battaglia and Alain Destexhe, Inhibition recruitment in prefrontal cortex during sleep spindles and gating of hippocampal inputs, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108(41): 17207-17212, (2011) [pdf]

Alain Destexhe, Intracellular and computational evidence for a dominant role of internal network activity in cortical computations, Current Opinion Neurobiol. 21: 717-725, (2011) [pdf]

2010

GT Einevoll, DK Wojcik and Alain Destexhe, Modeling extracellular potentials., Journal of Computational Neuroscience 29(3): 367-369, (2010)

Sami El Boustani and Alain Destexhe, Brain dynamics at multiple scales: can one reconcile the apparent low-dimensional chaos of macroscopic variables with the seemingly stochastic behavior of single neurons? , International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos 20: 1687-1702, (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Spatiotemporal aspects of slow-waves and seizures in humans., Brain 9: 2514-2515, (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Neuroscience. Dendrites do it in sequences., Science 329(5999): 1611-1612, (2010)

Nima Dehghani, Claude Bedard, Sydney S. Cash, Eric Halgren and Alain Destexhe, Comparative power spectral analysis of simultaneous elecroencephalographic and magnetoencephalographic recordings in humans suggests non-resistive extracellular media, Journal of Computational Neuroscience DOI: 10.1007/s: 10827-010-0252-5, (2010) [pdf] [abstract]

Jonathan Touboul and Alain Destexhe, Can power-law scaling and neuronal avalanches arise from stochastic dynamics? , PLoS One 5: e8982, (2010) [pdf] [abstract]

Sylvie Renaud, Jean Tomas, Noëlle Lewis, Yannick Bornat, Adel Daouzli, Michelle Rudolph, Alain Destexhe and Sylvain Saïghi, PAX: A mixed hardware/software simulation platform for spiking neural networks., Neural Networks 23: 905-916, (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Inhibitory "noise" , Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience 4: 9, (2010) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, State-dependent computations in neocortical neurons and networks, J. Neurosci 28: 11806-11813, (2010)

Claude Bedard, Serafim Rodrigues, Noah Roy, Diego Contreras and Alain Destexhe, Evidence for frequency-dependent extracellular impedance from the transfer function between extracellular and intracellular potentials. , Journal of Computational Neuroscience 29 (3): 389-403, (2010) [pdf] [abstract]

2009

Martin Pospischil, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Characterizing neuronal activity by describing the membrane potential as a stochastic process, Journal of Physiology - Paris 103: 98-106, (2009) [pdf] [abstract]

Olivier Marre, Sami El Boustani, Yves Frégnac and Alain Destexhe, Prediction of Spatiotemporal Patterns of Neural Activity from Pairwise Correlations, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 102: 138101-1 - 138101-4, (2009) [pdf] [abstract]

Martin Pospischil, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Extracting synaptic conductances from single membrane potential traces, Neuroscience 158: 545-552, (2009) [pdf] [abstract]

Sami El Boustani and Alain Destexhe, Brain dynamics at multiple scales: can one reconcile the apparent low-dimensional chaos of macroscopic variables with the seemingly stochastic behavior of single neurons?, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos 20: 1687-1702, (2009) [pdf] [abstract]

Sami El Boustani, Olivier Marre, Sébastien Béhuret, Pierre Baudot, Pierre Yger, Thierry Bal, Alain Destexhe and Yves Frégnac, Network-state modulation of power-law frequency-scaling in visual cortical neurons, PLoS Computational Biology 5:: e10005519, (2009) [pdf] [abstract]

Claude Bedard and Alain Destexhe, Macroscopic Models of Local Field Potentials and the Apparent 1/f Noise in Brain Activity, Biophysical Journal 96: 2589–2603, (2009) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Self-sustained asynchronous irregular states and Up–Down states in thalamic, cortical and thalamocortical networks of nonlinear integrate-and-fire neurons, J Comput Neurosci 27: 493-506, (2009) [pdf] [abstract]

2008

Alain Destexhe and Vincenzo Crunelli, Methods for computational neuroscience, Journal of Neuroscience Methods 169(2): 269-270, (2008) [pdf]

Sami El Boustani and Alain Destexhe, A Master Equation Formalism forMacroscopicModeling of Asynchronous Irregular Activity States, neural computation 21: 46-100, (2008) [pdf] [abstract]

Claude Bedard and Alain Destexhe, A modified cable formalism for modeling neuronal membranes at high frequencies, Biophys J 94: 1133-43, (2008) [pdf] [abstract]

Milena Winograd, Alain Destexhe and Maria V Sanchez-Vives, Hyperpolarization-activated graded persistent activity in the prefrontal cortex, Proceeding of the national academy of science of the USA 105: 7298-7303, (2008) [pdf] [abstract]

Romain Brette, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Cyril Monier, Michelle Rudolph, Julien Fournier, Manuel Levy, Yves Frégnac, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, High-Resolution Intracellular Recordings Using a Real-Time Computational Model of the Electrode, Neuron 59: 379-391, (2008) [pdf] [abstract]

Martin Pospischil, Maria Toledo-Rodriguez, Cyril Monier, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Thierry Bal, Yves Frégnac, Henry Markram and Alain Destexhe, Minimal Hodgkin–Huxley type models for different classes of cortical and thalamic neurons, Biological Cybernetics 99: 427-441, (2008) [pdf] [abstract]

Martin Pospischil, Cyril Monier, Yves Frégnac, Henry Markram and Alain Destexhe, Hodgkin-Huxley type models for different classes of cortical and thalamic neurons. , Biological Cybernetics 99: 427-441, (2008)

2007

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, How much can we trust neural simulation strategies? , Neurocomputing 70: 1966-1969, (2007) [pdf] [abstract]

Martin Pospischil, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Michelle Rudolph, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Inhibitory conductance dynamics in cortical neurons during activated states, Neurocomputing 70: 1602-1604, (2007) [pdf] [abstract]

Sami El Boustani, Martin Pospischil, Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Activated cortical states: experiments, analyses and models, J Physiol Paris 101: 99-109, (2007) [pdf] [abstract]

Zuzanna Piwkowska, Martin Pospischil, Romain Brette, Julia Sliwa, Michelle Rudolph, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Characterizing synaptic conductance fluctuations in cortical neurons and their influence on spike generation, Journal of Neuroscience Methods 169: 302-322, (2007) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph, Martin Pospischil, Igor Timofeev and Alain Destexhe, Inhibition determines membrane potential dynamics and controls action potential generation in awake and sleeping cat cortex, J Neurosci 27: 5280-90, (2007) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Stuart W. Hughes, Michelle Rudolph and Vincenzo Crunelli, Are corticothalamic 'up' states fragments of wakefulness, Trends Neurosci 30: 334-42, (2007) [pdf] [abstract]

Quan Zou and Alain Destexhe, Kinetic models of spike-timing dependent plasticity and their functional consequences in detecting correlations, Biol Cybern 97: 81-97, (2007) [pdf] [abstract]

Romain Brette, Michelle Rudolph, Ted Carnevale, Michael L. Hines, David Beeman, James M. Bower, Markus Diesmann, Abigail Morrison, Philip H. Goodman, Frederick C. Harris Jr, Milind Zirpe, Thomas Natschläger, Dejan Pecevski, Bard Ermentrout, Mikael Djurfeldt, Anders Lansner, Olivier Rochel, Thierry Vieville, Eric Muller, Andrew Davison, Sami El Boustani and Alain Destexhe, Simulation of networks of spiking neurons: a review of tools and strategies, J Comput Neurosci 23: 349-98, (2007) [pdf] [abstract]

Romain Brette, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Michelle Rudolph, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, A nonparametric electrode model for intracellular recording, Neurocomputing 70: 1597-1601, (2007) [pdf] [abstract]

Martin Pospischil, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Michelle Rudolph, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Calculating event-triggered average synaptic conductances from the membrane potential, J Neurophysiol 97: 2544-52, (2007) [pdf] [abstract]

2006

Claude Bedard, Helmut Kroger and Alain Destexhe, Model of low-pass filtering of local field potentials in brain tissue, Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys 73: 051911, (2006) [pdf] [abstract]

Quan Zou, Yannick Bornat, Sylvain Saighi, Jean Tomas, Sylvie Renaud and Alain Destexhe, Analog-digital simulations of full conductance-based networks of spiking neurons with spike timing dependent plasticity, Network 17: 211-33, (2006) [pdf] [abstract]

Quan Zou, Yannick Bornat, Jean Tomas, Sylvie Renaud and Alain Destexhe, Real-time simulations of networks of Hodgkin-Huxley neurons using analog circuits, Neurocomputing 69: 1137-1140, (2006) [pdf] [abstract]

Claude Bedard, Helmut Kroger and Alain Destexhe, Does the 1/f frequency scaling of brain signals reflect self-organized critical states, Phys Rev Lett 97: 118102, (2006) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, On the use of analytical expressions for the voltage distribution to analyze intracellular recordings, Neural Comput 18: 2917-22, (2006) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, A multichannel shot noise approach to describe synaptic background activity in neurons, European Physical Journal B 52: 125-132, (2006) [pdf] [abstract]

Mathilde Badoual, Quan Zou, Andrew Davison, Michelle Rudolph, Thierry Bal, Yves Frégnac and Alain Destexhe, Biophysical and phenomenological models of multiple spike interactions in spike-timing dependent plasticity, Int J Neural Syst 16: 79-97, (2006) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Event-based simulation strategy for conductance-based synaptic interactions and plasticity, Neurocomputing 69: 1130-1133, (2006) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Analytical integrate-and-fire neuron models with conductance-based dynamics for event-driven simulation strategies, Neural Comput 18: 2146-210, (2006) [abstract]

Alain Destexhe and Diego Contreras, Neuronal computations with stochastic network states, Science 314: 85-90, (2006) [pdf] [abstract]

2005

Jakob Wolfart, Damien Debay, Gwendal Le Masson, Alain Destexhe and Thierry Bal, Synaptic background activity controls spike transfer from thalamus to cortex, Nat Neurosci 8: 1760-7, (2005) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Multi-channel shot noise and characterization of cortical network activity, Neurocomputing 65: 641-646, (2005) [pdf] [abstract]

Mathilde Badoual, Michelle Rudolph, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Alain Destexhe and Thierry Bal, High discharge variability in neurons driven by current noise, Neurocomputing 65: 493-498, (2005) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, An extended analytic expression for the membrane potential distribution of conductance-based synaptic noise, Neural Comput 17: 2301-15, (2005) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph, Joe Guillaume Pelletier, Denis Pare and Alain Destexhe, Characterization of synaptic conductances and integrative properties during electrically induced EEG-activated states in neocortical neurons in vivo, J Neurophysiol 94: 2805-21, (2005) [pdf] [abstract]

2004

Zuzanna Piwkowska, Michelle Rudolph, Mathilde Badoual, Alain Destexhe and Thierry Bal, Re-creating active states in vitro with a dynamic-clamp protocol, Neurocomputing : 55-60, (2004) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Inferring network activity from synaptic noise, J Physiol Paris 98: 452-66, (2004) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Is the purpose of reverse spike-frequency adaptation to enhance correlations? Focus on "a model of reverse spike frequency adaptation and repetitive firing of subthalamic nucleus neurons", J Neurophysiol 91: 1943-4, (2004) [pdf]

Alain Destexhe, Mathilde Badoual, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Thierry Bal and Michelle Rudolph, A novel method for characterizing synaptic noise in cortical neurons, Neurocomputing 58: 191-196, (2004) [pdf] [abstract]

Fabian Alvarez and Alain Destexhe, Simulating cortical network activity states constrained by intracellular recordings, Neurocomputing 58: 285-290, (2004) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Mathilde Badoual, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, A method to estimate synaptic conductances from membrane potential fluctuations, J Neurophysiol 91: 2884-96, (2004) [pdf] [abstract]

Quan Zou, Michelle Rudolph, Noah Roy, Maria V Sanchez-Vives, Diego Contreras and Alain Destexhe, Reconstructing synaptic background activity from conductance measurements in vivo, Neurocomputing 65: 673-678, (2004) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph, Joe Guillaume Pelletier, Denis Pare and Alain Destexhe, Estimation of synaptic conductances and their variances from intracellular recordings of neocortical neurons in vivo, Neurocomputing 58-60: 387-392, (2004) [abstract]

Claude Bedard, Helmut Kroger and Alain Destexhe, Modeling extracellular field potentials and the frequency-filtering properties of extracellular space, Biophys J 86: 1829-42, (2004) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe and Eve Marder, Plasticity in single neuron and circuit computations, Nature 431: 789-95, (2004) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe and Michelle Rudolph, Extracting information from the power spectrum of synaptic noise, J Comput Neurosci 17: 327-45, (2004) [pdf] [abstract]

Ludovic Alvado, Jean Tomas, Sylvain Saïghi, Sylvie Renaud, Thierry Bal, Alain Destexhe and Gwendal Le Masson, Hardware computation of conductance-based neuron models, Neurocomputing 58: 109-115, (2004) [pdf] [abstract]

2003

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Tuning neocortical pyramidal neurons between integrators and coincidence detectors, J Comput Neurosci 14: 239-51, (2003) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, The discharge variability of neocortical neurons during high-conductance states, Neuroscience 119: 855-73, (2003) [pdf] [abstract]

Mike Neubig, Alain Destexhe and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Variability of quantal synaptic currents in thalamocortical neurons, Thalamus and Related Systems 2: 153-168, (2003) [pdf]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Characterization of subthreshold voltage fluctuations in neuronal membranes, Neural Comput 15: 2577-618, (2003) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Gain modulation and frequency locking under conductance noise, Neurocomputing 52: 907-912, (2003) [pdf]

Alain Destexhe and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Interactions between membrane conductances underlying thalamocortical slow-wave oscillations, Physiol Rev 83: 1401-53, (2003) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, A fast-conducting, stochastic integrative mode for neocortical neurons in vivo, J Neurosci 23: 2466-76, (2003) [abstract]

Jean Marc Fellous, Michelle Rudolph, Alain Destexhe and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Synaptic background noise controls the input/output characteristics of single cells in an in vitro model of in vivo activity, Neuroscience 122: 811-29, (2003) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Michelle Rudolph and Denis Pare, The high-conductance state of neocortical neurons in vivo, Nat Rev Neurosci 4: 739-51, (2003) [pdf]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, A fast conducting, stochastic integrative mode for neocortical neurons in vivo, Journal of Neuroscience 23: 2466-2476, (2003) [pdf]

2002

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Point-conductance models of cortical neurons with high discharge variability, Neurocomputing 44: 147-152, (2002) [pdf]

Alain Destexhe and Terrence J. Sejnowski, The initiation of bursts in thalamic neurons and the cortical control of thalamic sensitivity, Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357: 1649-57, (2002) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Novel dynamics of dendritic integration in the high conductance state of cortical neurons, Neurocomputing 44: 141-146, (2002) [pdf]

2001

Alain Destexhe, Diego Contreras and Mircea Steriade, LTS cells in cerebral cortex and their role in generating spike-and-wave oscillations, Neurocomputing 38: 555-563, (2001) [pdf]

Alain Destexhe, Simplified models of neocortical pyramidal cells preserving somatodendritic voltage attenuation, Neurocomputing 38: 167-173, (2001) [pdf]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Correlation detection and resonance in neural systems with distributed noise sources, Phys Rev Lett 86: 3662-5, (2001) [pdf] [abstract]

Michelle Rudolph and Alain Destexhe, Do neocortical pyramidal neurons display stochastic resonance?, J Comput Neurosci 11: 19-42, (2001) [pdf] [abstract]

Damien Debay, Alain Destexhe and Thierry Bal, Corticothalamic feedback can induce hypersynchronous low-frequency rhythms in the physiologically intact thalamus, Neurocomputing 38: 529-538, (2001) [pdf]

Mike Neubig and Alain Destexhe, Dendritic organization in thalamocortical neurons and state-dependent functions of inhibitory synaptic inputs, Thalamus and Related Systems 1: 39-52, (2001) [pdf]

Alain Destexhe, Michelle Rudolph, Jean Marc Fellous and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Fluctuating synaptic conductances recreate in vivo-like activity in neocortical neurons, Neuroscience 107: 13-24, (2001) [pdf] [abstract]

2000

Alain Destexhe, Modelling corticothalamic feedback and the gating of the thalamus by the cerebral cortex, J Physiol Paris 94: 391-410, (2000) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe and John R. Huguenard, Nonlinear thermodynamic models of voltage-dependent currents, J Comput Neurosci 9: 259-70, (2000) [pdf] [abstract]

Thierry Bal, Damien Debay and Alain Destexhe, Cortical feedback controls the frequency and synchrony of oscillations in the visual thalamus, J Neurosci 20: 7478-88, (2000) [pdf] [abstract]

Terrence J. Sejnowski and Alain Destexhe, Why do we sleep?, Brain Res 886: 208-223, (2000) [pdf] [abstract]

Nicolas Ho and Alain Destexhe, Synaptic background activity enhances the responsiveness of neocortical pyramidal neurons, J Neurophysiol 84: 1488-96, (2000) [pdf] [abstract]

1999

Alain Destexhe, Diego Contreras and Mircea Steriade, Cortically-induced coherence of a thalamic-generated oscillation, Neuroscience 92: 427-43, (1999) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, David A. McCormick and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Thalamic and thalamocortical mechanisms underlying 3 Hz spike-and-wave discharges, Prog Brain Res 121: 289-307, (1999) [pdf]

Alain Destexhe, Can GABAA conductances explain the fast oscillation frequency of absence seizures in rodents, Eur J Neurosci 11: 2175-81, (1999) [pdf] [abstract]

Alex M. Thomson and Alain Destexhe, Dual intracellular recordings and computational models of slow inhibitory postsynaptic potentials in rat neocortical and hippocampal slices, Neuroscience 92: 1193-215, (1999) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Diego Contreras and Mircea Steriade, Spatiotemporal analysis of local field potentials and unit discharges in cat cerebral cortex during natural wake and sleep states, J Neurosci 19: 4595-608, (1999) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe and Denis Pare, Impact of network activity on the integrative properties of neocortical pyramidal neurons in vivo, J Neurophysiol 81: 1531-47, (1999) [pdf] [abstract]

1998

Denis Pare, Eric Shink, Hélène Gaudreau, Alain Destexhe and Eric J Lang, Impact of spontaneous synaptic activity on the resting properties of cat neocortical pyramidal neurons In vivo, J Neurophysiol 79: 1450-60, (1998) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Mike Neubig, Daniel Ulrich and John R. Huguenard, Dendritic low-threshold calcium currents in thalamic relay cells, J Neurosci 18: 3574-88, (1998) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Spike-and-wave oscillations based on the properties of GABAb receptors, J Neurosci 18: 9099-111, (1998) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Diego Contreras and Mircea Steriade, Mechanisms underlying the synchronizing action of corticothalamic feedback through inhibition of thalamic relay cells, J Neurophysiol 79: 999-1016, (1998) [pdf] [abstract]

Denis Pare, Eric J Lang and Alain Destexhe, Inhibitory control of somatodendritic interactions underlying action potentials in neocortical pyramidal neurons in vivo: an intracellular and computational study, Neuroscience 84: 377-402, (1998) [pdf] [abstract]

1997

William W. Lytton, Diego Contreras, Alain Destexhe and Mircea Steriade, Dynamic interactions determine partial thalamic quiescence in a computer network model of spike-and-wave seizures, J Neurophysiol 77: 1679-96, (1997) [pdf] [abstract]

Diego Contreras, Alain Destexhe and Mircea Steriade, Intracellular and computational characterization of the intracortical inhibitory control of synchronized thalamic inputs in vivo, J Neurophysiol 78: 335-50, (1997) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Conductance-based integrate-and-fire models, Neural Comput 9: 503-14, (1997) [abstract]

Diego Contreras, Alain Destexhe and Mircea Steriade, Spindle oscillations during cortical spreading depression in naturally sleeping cats, Neuroscience 77: 933-6, (1997) [pdf] [abstract]

Diego Contreras, Alain Destexhe, Terrence J. Sejnowski and Mircea Steriade, Spatiotemporal patterns of spindle oscillations in cortex and thalamus, J Neurosci 17: 1179-96, (1997) [pdf] [abstract]

1996

William W. Lytton, Alain Destexhe and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Control of slow oscillations in the thalamocortical neuron: a computer model, Neuroscience 70: 673-84, (1996) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Thierry Bal, David A. McCormick and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Ionic mechanisms underlying synchronized oscillations and propagating waves in a model of ferret thalamic slices, J Neurophysiol 76: 2049-70, (1996) [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Diego Contreras, Mircea Steriade, Terrence J. Sejnowski and John R. Huguenard, In vivo, in vitro, and computational analysis of dendritic calcium currents in thalamic reticular neurons, J Neurosci 16: 169-85, (1996) [pdf] [abstract]

Diego Contreras, Alain Destexhe, Terrence J. Sejnowski and Mircea Steriade, Control of spatiotemporal coherence of a thalamic oscillation by corticothalamic feedback, Science 274: 771-4, (1996) [pdf] [abstract]

1995

Alain Destexhe and Terrence J. Sejnowski, G protein activation kinetics and spillover of gamma-aminobutyric acid may account for differences between inhibitory responses in the hippocampus and thalamus, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 92: 9515-9, (1995) [pdf] [abstract]

1994

Alain Destexhe, Diego Contreras, Terrence J. Sejnowski and Mircea Steriade, A model of spindle rhythmicity in the isolated thalamic reticular nucleus, J Neurophysiol 72: 803-18, (1994) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Zachary F. Mainen and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Synthesis of models for excitable membranes, synaptic transmission and neuromodulation using a common kinetic formalism, J Comput Neurosci 1: 195-230, (1994) [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, Z Zachary, Zachary F. Mainen and Terrence J. Sejnowski, An efficient method for computing synaptic conductances based on a kinetic model of receptor binding , Neural Computation 6: 14-18, (1994) [pdf]

Alain Destexhe, Oscillations, complex spatiotemporal behavior, and information transport in networks of excitatory and inhibitory neurons, Phys Rev E Stat Phys Plasmas Fluids Relat Interdiscip Topics 50: 1594-1606, (1994)

Alain Destexhe, Diego Contreras, Terrence J. Sejnowski and Mircea Steriade, Modeling the control of reticular thalamic oscillations by neuromodulators, Neuroreport 5: 2217-20, (1994) [abstract]

1993

Alain Destexhe, Agnessa Babloyantz and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Ionic mechanisms for intrinsic slow oscillations in thalamic relay neurons, Biophys J 65: 1538-52, (1993) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe and Agnessa Babloyantz, A model of the inward current Ih and its possible role in thalamocortical oscillations, Neuroreport 4: 223-6, (1993) [pdf] [abstract]

Alain Destexhe, David A. McCormick and Terrence J. Sejnowski, A model for 8-10 Hz spindling in interconnected thalamic relay and reticularis neurons, Biophys J 65: 2473-7, (1993) [pdf] [abstract]

1988

Agnessa Babloyantz and Alain Destexhe, Is the normal heart a periodic oscillator, Biol Cybern 58: 203-11, (1988) [abstract]

1986

Agnessa Babloyantz and Alain Destexhe, Low-dimensional chaos in an instance of epilepsy, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 83: 3513-7, (1986) [pdf] [abstract]

Teaching (3)

2002

Yves Frégnac and Alain Destexhe, Neurosciences Intégratives et Computationnelles, in DEA Interface Physique - Biologie (Paris XI), (2002)

2001

Yves Frégnac and Alain Destexhe, Cours de Neurosciences, in DEA Neurosciences et Sciences Cognitives (Paris VI), (2001)

2000

Yves Frégnac and Alain Destexhe, Réseaux Neuronaux, in DEA Interface Physique-Biologie (Paris XI), (2000)

Presentations (52)

2010

Alain Destexhe, 1/f noise in LFP, EEG, MEG and theoretical models, Invited Talk At: Shapes of Brain Dynamics, (Paris (France)) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Modeling in vivo activiy states at microscopic and macroscopic scales , Invited Talk At: Future Challenges in Mathematical and Computational Neuroscience, (Oxford (UK )) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, The Nervous System, still noisy after all these years? , Invited Talk At: Computation and Neural Systems Conference, (San Antonio (Texas) ) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Stochastic activity and high-conductance states, from single neurons to macroscopic levels. , Invited Talk At: Frontiers in Neuromorphic Computation a Multi-FACETS Enterprise, (Paris (France)) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Combining experiments and theory to investigate stochastic brain states, Invited Talk At: Bernstein Conference in Computational Neuroscience, (Berlin (Germany)) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Microscopic and macroscopic scales of neuronal noise from single cells to local field potentials , Invited Talk At: BrainModes 2010 conference, (Copenhagen (Denmark) ) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, How much stochastic is neuronal activity ?, Invited Talk At: Stochastic Models in Neuroscience, (Marseille (France)) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Discussant in Panel Discussion 2: Complex systems and multiscale analysis: Theorical reconstruction and modelling , Invited Talk At: 10th Neurobiology Conference Ladislav Tauc, (Paris (France)) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Multiscale analysis and stochastic processes in neurons , Invited Talk At: Multiscale Analysis of Neural Systems, (Paris (France)) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Network modeling from microscopic to macroscopic , Invited Talk At: 5th FACETS Plenary Meeting, (Dresde (Germany)) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, State-dependent computations in neocortical neurons and networks, Poster At: Proceedings of the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies, (Amsterdam (Holland)) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, State-dependent computations in neocortical neurons and networks, Invited Talk At: FENS, (Amsterdam (Holland)) (2010)

Adrien Peyrache, F. Battaglia and Alain Destexhe, Inhibition recruitment in the prefrontal cortex during natural sleep spindles and gating of hippocampal input, Poster At: FENS , (Amsterdam (Holland)) (2010)

Charlotte Deleuze, François David, Régis C. Lambert, Nathalie Leresche , Sébastien Béhuret, Alain Destexhe, Hee-Sup Shin, Victor N. Uebele, John J. Renger and Thierry Bal, T-type calcium channels boost the thalamic relay of sensory inputs during cortical-like synaptic background, Poster At: Society for Neuroscience, (San Diego (USA)) (2010)

Nima Dehghani, Adrien Peyrache and Alain Destexhe, Dynamics of excitation and inhibition, and local interactions, during slow wave sleep oscillations in rat Prefrontal cortex, Poster At: Society for Neuroscience, (San Diego (USA)) (2010)

Luc Estebanez, Sami El Boustani, Alain Destexhe and Daniel Shulz, Dynamic adaptation of sensory processing as a function of stimulus statistics in the rat barrel cortex, Poster At: 39th meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, (San Diego (USA)) (2010)

Luc Estebanez, Sami El Boustani, Alain Destexhe and Daniel Shulz, Dynamic adaptation of sensory processing as a function of stimulus statistics in the rat barrel cortex, Poster At: XXIIIrd Barrel meeting, (La Jolla (USA)) (2010)

Lyle Muller, P Polack, Diego Contreras and Alain Destexhe, Analysis of voltage-sensitive dye imaging data during propagating cortical waves in mouse visual cortex reveals fine structure and state dependence, Poster At: 7th Forum of European Neuroscience, (San Diego (USA)) (2010)

Alain Destexhe, Inhibitory "noise" , Invited Talk At: GABA signalling in health and disease conference, (Amsterdam (Holland)) (2010) [pdf] [abstract]

2009

Alain Destexhe, Seemingly random but structured network activity in wake and sleep states, Invited Talk At: Complex dynamics in large-scale interacting brain networks Towards physical models of sleep and consciousness, (Dresden (Germany) ) (2009)

Sami El Boustani, Pierre Yger, Yves Frégnac and Alain Destexhe, A mean-field based formalism to investigate structure-function correlations in sensory neocortex using VSD imaging, Poster At: American Society for Neuroscience Abstract, (Chicago (USA)) (2009)

Alain Destexhe, Modeling local field potentials in neocortex and their frequency dependence , Invited Talk At: LFP Workshop Modelling and interpretation of extracellular field potentials, (Ski (Norway )) (2009)

Alain Destexhe, Modeling network activity states based on conductance measurements , Invited Talk At: Computational Neuroscience Workshop, (Marseille (France) ) (2009)

Thierry Bal, Sébastien Béhuret, Charlotte Deleuze, Leonel Gomez, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Jakob Wolfart, Damien Debay, Romain Brette, Sami El Boustani, Olivier Marre, Pierre Baudot, Pierre Yger, Michelle Rudolph, Gwendal Le Masson, Gérard Sadoc, Alain Destexhe and Yves Frégnac, Hybrid biological-artificial neuronal networks, Poster At: Colloque Interface physique, chimie, biologie, soutient à la prise de risque, (Fréjus (France)) (2009)

Alain Destexhe, Analysis and modeling of cortical network activity states in vivo , Invited Talk At: Physics-Biology Interface Conference, (Paris (France)) (2009)

Alain Destexhe, The frequency-filtering properties of local field potentials in cerebral cortex data, models and consequences , Invited Talk At: Origins and Functions of the Local Field Potential, (Yale University, New Haven (USA) ) (2009)

Pierre Yger, Sami El Boustani, Olivier Marre, Andrew Davison, Alain Destexhe and Yves Frégnac, Spatial organization of evoked neuronal dynamics in 2D recurrent networks, with or without structured stimulation, Poster At: Eighteenth Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting, (Berlin (Germany)) (2009)

Pierre Yger, Sami El Boustani, Yves Frégnac and Alain Destexhe, A mean-field based formalism for modeling and analysis of voltage-sensitive dye imaging data, Poster At: American Society for Neuroscience , (Chicago (USA)) (2009)

Michelle Rudolph, Mathieu Dubois and Alain Destexhe, Analytical integrate-and-fire neuron models with conductancebased dynamics and realistic PSP time course for event-driven simulation strategies, Poster At: Eighteenth Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting, (Berlin (Germany)) (2009)

Pierre Yger, Sami El Boustani, Olivier Marre, Andrew Davison, Alain Destexhe and Yves Frégnac, Spatial organization of evoked neuronal dynamics in 2D recurrent networks, with or without structured stimulation, Poster At: BMC Neuroscience 10 , (Berlin (Germany)) (2009)

2008

Alain Destexhe, The 1/f frequency scaling of local field potentials and its relation to neuronal activity, Invited Talk At: Manchester Workshop on Local Field Potentials, (Manchester (UK)) (2008)

Alain Destexhe, Microscopic and macroscopic approaches to understand information processing during activated states, Invited Talk At: Complexity-based computing: from biology to hardware”. International Thinktank Facets Meeting , ( Gif sur Yvette (France)) (2008)

Alain Destexhe, Stochastic dynamics, chaos or self-organized critical states: which one best describes brain activity ? , Invited Talk At: “Chaos and Dynamics in Biological Networks”, (Cargèse (France)) (2008)

Thierry Bal, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Romain Brette, Jakob Wolfart, Damien Debay, Cyril Monier, Michelle Rudolph, Julien Fournier, Manuel Levy, Yves Frégnac, Alain Destexhe and Gwendal Le Masson, Thalamocortical hybrid networks and an introduction to Active Electrode Compensation., Invited Talk At: Meeting of the Physiological Society, Techniques Workshop, (University of Cambridge) (2008)

Romain Brette, Zuzanna Piwkowska, J.F Gomez-Gonzalez, Cyril Monier, Michelle Rudolph, Julien Fournier, Manuel Levy, Yves Frégnac, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Active Electrode Compensation for high-resolution intracellular recordings in vitro and in vivo, Poster At: Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 34, (Washington DC (USA)) (2008)

2007

Alain Destexhe, Inhibitory conductance dynamics in the awake neocortex, Invited Talk At: FACETS Interneuron meeting, ( Gif sur Yvette (France)) (2007)

Alain Destexhe, Synaptic “noise”: what it can tell us about neurons and their computations., Invited Talk At: Annual Meeting of the Belgian Society for Neuroscience, (Antwerp (Belgium)) (2007)

Alain Destexhe, Extracting timing information about network activity through conductance analysis. , Invited Talk At: Being on Time: Temporal Views on Neuronal Coding, (Jerusalem (Israel)) (2007)

Alain Destexhe, Computing with complex dynamics in cerebral cortex: experiments and modeling, Invited Talk At: Neurizons conference 2007, (Göttingen (Germany)) (2007)

Alain Destexhe, Fitting diverse neuron types with minimal number of channels. , Invited Talk At: Workshop on Quantitative Neuron Modeling: Predicting every spike?, (Lausanne (Switzerland)) (2007)

Alain Destexhe, Models of cortical dynamics during “active” brain states: how to deal with stochastic activity. , Invited Talk At: Data driven modelling of signal processing in neurons (DMSN07), (Hohenwart (Germany)) (2007)

Alain Destexhe, Stochastic aspects of neuronal dynamics. , Invited Talk At: Nonlinear dynamics tomorrow, (Paris (France)) (2007)

Alain Destexhe, Intracellular and extracellular images of complex neuronal operations in cerebral cortex. , Invited Talk At: Advanced course on Complexity of Biological Networks, (Evry (France)) (2007)

Alain Destexhe, How to deal with complex neuronal dynamics in cerebral cortex, Invited Talk At: Conférence Ladislav TAUC. Complexity in neural network dynamics, ( Gif sur Yvette (France)) (2007)

2006

Alain Destexhe, What can fluctuations tell us about neuronal computations? , Invited Talk At: International Computational Neuroscience Meeting, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, (Tokyo (Japan)) (2006)

Alain Destexhe, What can we tell about the role of sleep from the spatiotemporal patterns of activity in cerebral cortex?, Invited Talk At: In Advanced Biomathematics of Sleep and Wake EEG, (Brussels (Belgium)) (2006)

Alain Destexhe, Inferring network activity through intracellular recordings of single neocortical neurons in vivo, Invited Talk At: 10th International Conference on Cognitive and Neural Systems, (Boston University (USA)) (2006)

Alain Destexhe, Thalamocortical oscillations: from single cells to neuronal networks. , Invited Talk At: Molecular mechanisms and modeling of biological rhythms, (Orsay (France)) (2006)

Alain Destexhe, Similar cortical states during wakefulness and slow-wave sleep oscillations., Invited Talk At: 5th INMED/TINS Conference: Physiogenic and Pathogenic Oscillations: the Beauty and the Beast, (La Ciotat (France)) (2006)

Alain Destexhe, Neural computations in high-conductance states, Invited Talk At: Neurones et Modélisation , (Paris (France)) (2006)

2005

Alain Destexhe, "Seeing" network activity through membrane potential fluctuations. , Invited Talk At: Theory in Neuroscience, (New York University (USA)) (2005)

Alain Destexhe, The integrative properties of cortical neurons in vivo. , Invited Talk At: Nordic Workshop on Neuroinformatics, (Stockohlm (Sweden)) (2005)

Book Chapters (17)

2010

Alain Destexhe and Michelle Rudolph, Synaptic "noise": Experiments, computational consequences and methods to analyze experimental data, In: Stochastic Processes in Neuroscience (Lord G. and Laing C.) Oxford University Press , (2010)

Romain Brette and Alain Destexhe, Intracellular recording, In: Handbook of Neural Activity Measurement (Brette R. and Destexhe A) Cambridge University Press , (2010)

Claude Bedard and Alain Destexhe, Modeling local field potentials and their interaction with the extracellular medium, In: Handbook of Neural Activity Measurement (Brette R and Destexhe A) Cambridge University Press , (2010)

Alain Destexhe and John R. Huguenard, Modeling voltage-dependent channels, In: Computational Modeling Methods for Neuroscientists (DeSchutter, E.) MIT Press 107-137, (2010)

2009

Romain Brette, Zuzanna Piwkowska, Cyril Monier, Jose Gomez, Yves Frégnac, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Dynamic clamp with high resistance electrodes using active electrode compensation in vitro and in vivo. , In: Dynamic-clamp: From Principles to Applications (Destexhe Alain and Bal Thierry) Springer, new York 347-382, (2009)

Gérard Sadoc, Gwendal Le Masson, B Foutry, Alain Destexhe and Thierry Bal, Recreating in-vivo-like activity and investigating the signal transfer capabilities of neurons: dynamic clamp applications using real-time NeuronTM., In: Dynamic clamp: from principles to applications (T. Bal andA. Destexhe ) Springer-Verlag , (2009)

Zuzanna Piwkowska, Alain Destexhe and Thierry Bal, Associating living cells and computational models: from basics to present applications of the dynamic-clamp, In: Dynamic Clamp. From Principles to Applications (A. Destexhe and T. Bal ) Springer 1-30, (2009)

Zuzanna Piwkowska, Martin Pospischil, Michelle Rudolph, Thierry Bal and Alain Destexhe, Testing methods for synaptic conductance analysis using controlled conductance injection with dynamic clamp, In: Dynamic Clamp. From Principles to Applications (A. Destexhe and T. Bal) Springer 115-140, (2009)

2008

Alain Destexhe and John R. Huguenard, Modeling voltage-dependent channels, In: Computational Modeling Methods for Neuroscientists (DeSchutter, E.) MIT Press , (2008)

Alain Destexhe, Cortico-thalamic feedback: a key to explain absence seizures, In: Computational Neuroscience in Epilepsy (Soltesz, I. and Staley, K.) Elsevier 184-214, (2008)

Alain Destexhe, Sleep Oscillations, In: Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (Squire, L.R) Academic Press 1037-1044, (2008)

2007

Alain Destexhe, Corticothalamic feedback: a key to explain absence seizures, In: Computational Neuroscience in Epilepsy. (Eds Soltesz, I. and Staley, K.) Elsevier 00-00, (2007)

2006

Yves Frégnac, Michelle Rudolph, Andrew Davison and Alain Destexhe, Complexity in Neuronal Networks, In: Biological Networks (François Képès) World Scientific 291-338, (2006) [pdf]

2002

Alain Destexhe, Zachary F. Mainen and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Synaptic interactions, In: Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks, 2nd edition. (Eds. M. A. Arbib) MIT Press 1126-1130, (2002)

Alain Destexhe and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Sleep oscillations, In: Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks, 2nd edition (Eds. M. A. Arbib) MIT Press 1049-1053, (2002)

2000

Alain Destexhe, Which formalism to use for modeling voltage-dependent conductances , In: Computational Neuroscience: Realistic Modeling for Experimentalists. (Eds E. DeSchutter) CRC Press 129-157, (2000)

1995

Alain Destexhe and Terrence J. Sejnowski, Synaptic currents, neuromodulation and kinetic models, In: Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. (Eds by M. A. Arbib) MIT Press 956-959, (1995)